Chapter 2 – The Cervix

The renewed National Cervical Screening Program

Despite the impressive success of the initial National Cervical Screening Program, incidence and mortality rates from cervical cancer have plateaued since 2002.(17)

In April 2014, the Australian Government announced changes to the NCSP, which came into effect from December 1st 2017 – referred to as β€œthe renewal”. The renewal aims to be a more effective, evidence-based screening program built on new knowledge about the role of HPV and the natural history of cervical cancer. The development of new HPV testing technology enables earlier detection of more cell changes that could lead to cervical cancer than with cervical cytology.

Along with the introduction of the National HPV Vaccination Program in 2007, these changes to the screening program are expected to reduce the number diagnosed with cervical cancer by up to 30 per cent.(36)

From December 1st 2017, the national policy is as follows:(17)

All women who have ever been sexually active should start having the Cervical Screening Test (CST) at 25 years of age. The screening test still requires a speculum examination to visualise the cervix so that a cell sample can be collected from the transformation zone. Compared to the previous cervical screening program which relied on ... Buy now

Why has HPV testing replaced the Pap test?

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Why has the screening commencement age changed?

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Transitioning into the renewed National Cervical Screening Program

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