Chapter 2 – The Cervix

Cervical screening in specific populations

Early sexual activity and screening in young patients

There is no current evidence to show that women who have early sexual activity are at increased risk of cervical cancer. However for those who experienced first sexual activity at a young age (<14 years) and who had not received the HPV vaccine before sexual debut, a single HPV test between 20 and 24 years of age could be considered on an individual basis. This includes those who are survivors of child sexual abuse.(17)

For more information, see Cancer Council guidelines: Women experienced early sexual activity or victims of abuse.

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Screening in pregnancy

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Screening in postpartum women

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Screening in postmenopausal patients

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Screening after total hysterectomy

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Screening in women who have sex with women/lesbians

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Screening in transgender men with a cervix

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Screening in DES-exposed patients

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Screening in immune-deficient patients

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Screening in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander patients

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Screening in patients with disability

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