Chapter 2 – The Cervix

Nabothian cysts

The columnar epithelium of the endocervical canal, which can extend onto the cervix, contains glands which secrete mucus.(5) Nabothian follicles (or cysts) are retention cysts on the cervix formed by the blockage of these glands due to the growth of new epithelium over a maturing cervical ectropion. They are often seen when taking a cervical sample. Nabothian cysts are cream in colour, smooth and dome shaped, and may be single or multiple. They are benign and do not require further management.

A useful resource for clinicians is VCS Pathology: National Cervical Screening Program Guidelines Cervix sampling card which shows various cervical conditions in full colour.

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